|- auf Deutsch||- in English|
The package management in the shell is a powerful tool for the Dreambox, and offers far more possibilities compared to the package management with the remote control. Of course, using the remote control is easy and most of the time adequate. But maybe this article can convince you to give it a try via Telnet or SSH.
apt-get- This command installs packages from the available sources. It considers the dependencies for the installed packages. Of course the can also be used to uninstall packages and many more manipulations.
apt-cache- This command will not change the system. It's used to analyze (e.g. search) the package cache. The cache stores the meta-data for all available packages of the software feed
dpkg- Is used for the manual installation / uninstall of packages. Keep in mind,
dpkgis considering the dependencies during the installation / uninstall.
apt- This command offers the most important commands of the package manger, incl. the colorized output.
This article explains how to search / install / remove packages and some more interesting commands which offers APT. Additional interesting features of the commands can be obtained over the option
apt-get --help apt-cache --help dpkg --help apt --help
- 1 Install packages from the internet
- 2 Install local saved packages
- 3 Update the image
- 4 Other useful commands
- 4.1 Check dependencies
- 4.2 Install missing dependencies
- 4.3 Delete downloaded packages
- 4.4 Search package
- 4.5 Remove packages
- 4.6 Remove package with configuration files
- 4.7 Additional commands to remove a package
- 4.8 Show installed packages
- 4.9 Show available updates
- 4.10 Show package information
- 4.11 Disable updates for a package
- 5 Tips and Tricks
- 6 Wiki - Thread
Install packages from the internet
Before the installation the packages sources defined in
/etc/apt/sources.list.d, need to be updated with the following command:
|Be careful with integrating 3rd party sources. If the repository is not available, or not up to date, this can cause problems with updating the firmware, installing packages or even damage the operating system!|
The installation of a package is done with the following command.
apt-get install $package_name
$package_name with the correct name. E.g. if you want to install WebAdmin, the command is:
root@dm7080:~# apt-get install enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded. Need to get 221 kB of archives. After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 http://dreamboxupdate.com/opendreambox/2.2/unstable/r0/dm7080/deb/mips32el/ ./ enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin 4.2.0+git25+93609ff651-r0.0 [221 kB] Fetched 221 kB in 1s (211 kB/s) Selecting previously unselected package enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin. (Reading database ... 10348 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin_4.2.0+git25+93609ff651-r0.0_mipsel.deb ... Unpacking enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin (4.2.0+git25+93609ff651-r0.0) ...
If additional packages are required, the installation needs to be confirmed with y. If n is pressed, the installation will be aborted. To perform the installation without confirmation, the option
-y can be used, e.g.:
apt-get install -y $package_name
Now you wonder how to get the correct package name. The names can be found in the articles here in the wiki, or in the board. But you can also search with the package management system, as described below.
|If the command results in an error, the package is not available on the feed (|
To search a package, the command
apt-cache with the option
search can be used. The search term parses the package cache and checks the names and the descriptions.
apt-cache search $search_term
Filter the package search
If you know the structure of the package names for plugins, skins etc. you can use the search to get to the wanted result. The following examples of search terms might help to filter the corresponding package from the sources.
- gemini → shows the different GP3 Addons
- gp-skin → all available GP3 Skins
- gp-icons → lists the different GP3 Icon packages
- enigma2-plugin-systemplugins → lists Enigma2 system plugins
- enigma2-plugin-extensions → shows Enigma2 addons
The deinstallation of a package, can be done with the following command.
apt-get remove $package_name
$package_name must be the correct name. E.g. if you want to remove WebAdmin, the command is:
root@dm7080:~# apt-get remove enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages will be REMOVED: enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin 0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 1 to remove and 0 not upgraded. After this operation, 0 B of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n] y
Confirm the deinstallation with y. If n is pressed, the deinstallation will be aborted. To perform the deinstallation without confirmation, use the following command:
root@dm7080:~# apt-get remove -y enigma2-plugin-extensions-webadmin
Install local saved packages
Packages (e.g. skin, plugin, etc.) which are offered e.g. in the IhaD board, but are not available on the feed, can be installed very easily with the package management system. We won't use the Software Manager, the GP3 File Browser nor the eCommander, but we'll install the package via telnet or SSH.
|Keep in mind, 3rd party packages can damage the system!|
|Use the correct package architecture for the different dreambox models and the used OpenEmbedded versions! For OE 2.2 |
|The command |
Installation of a package
Install the package with the following command.
dpkg -i /tmp/$name_of_the_package
The complete file name must be specified. E.g. to in stall the skin
gp-skin-holo-black_gp33-20141107-r586_all.deb use the following command. It's possible to use the TAB to auto-complete the file name.
dpkg -i /tmp/gp-skin-holo-black_gp33-20141107-r586_all.deb
Of course, it's also possible to use an asterisk as wildcard, this way you can use a part of the package name, e.g. below.
dpkg -i /tmp/gp-skin*
If after the installation an error might be displayed,
dpkg: error processing package gp-skin-holo-black (--install): dependency problems - leaving unconfigured Errors were encountered while processing: gp-skin-holo-black
this means there are some dependencies required to use the package. The list of missing dependencies can be showed with following command::
root@dm7080:~# apt-get check Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done You might want to run 'apt-get -f install' to correct these. The following packages have unmet dependencies: gp-skin-holo-black : Depends: enigma2 (>= 4.2.0r15) but 4.2.0r11-dm7080-r0.0 is installed Depends: enigma2-plugin-skincomponents-eventlist but it is not installed Depends: enigma2-plugin-skincomponents-eventposition but it is not installed Depends: enigma2-plugin-skincomponents-extcomponents but it is not installed
These missing dependencies can be installed easily, if they are available on the feed. Use the following command to update the package list and install the missing dependencies.
apt-get update && apt-get -f install
Confirm the question to install the dependencies with y.
Install several packages at once
The installation of various packages is also easy. First of all copy the files with FTP in the
/tmp directory of the dreambox. Use following command to install all packages at once. Work also for the installation of one package ;)
dpkg -i /tmp/*.deb
If there are missing dependencies, use the following command to install these packages:
apt-get update && apt-get -f install
The removal of a package is also done with the package name (without the version and extension
deb), with the following command.
dpkg -r $package_name
$package_name by the correct name. To uninstall the skin
gp-skin-holo-black, use the following command to remove the package.
dpkg -r gp-skin-holo-black (Reading database ... 10258 files and directories currently installed.) Removing gp-skin-holo-black (gp33-20141107-r586) ...
If the package you want to remove is a dependency, required by other packages, the installation will be aborted. The following example shows the corresponding error message. In this example the package can not be removed because it is used by the skins
root@dm7080:~# dpkg -r enigma2-plugin-skincomponents-eventposition dpkg: dependency problems prevent removal of enigma2-plugin-skincomponents-eventposition: gp-skin-holo-black depends on enigma2-plugin-skincomponents-eventposition.
It might be better to use the command
apt-get remove. This will also take care of the dependencies. Example:
apt-get remove enigma2-plugin-skincomponents-eventposition
Confirm the message with y.
|Packages which require the removed package (dependency) will also be uninstalled.|
Update the image
First of all update the package list, use following command:
Subsequently one of following commands can be used to update the dreambox.
This command will only upgrade installed packages. It will never install or remove packages, also in case the package is no longer required. The upgrade is done with:
This command will upgrade all packages from the feed. On top it will install new packages if required automatically. This is done with:
Update and Upgrade together
All in one go:
apt-get update && apt-get upgrade
apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade
Other useful commands
The missing dependencies can be checked with the following command:
Install missing dependencies
apt-get -f install
Delete downloaded packages
*.deb files, which remain in
/var/cache/apt/archives after the installation, can be deletes with following command:
apt-cache search $package_name
apt-cache search . | grep $package_name
With the following command it's possible to remove one or several packages. Manually changed, or configuration files created by a package will remain on the dreambox.
sudo apt-get remove $package_name $package_name
Remove package with configuration files
sudo apt-get purge $package_name
Additional commands to remove a package
This command will remove packages, installed by other packages but no longer needed.
To remove an installed package, and the corresponding dependencies.
apt-get autoremove $package_name
And finally, remove the installed package with configuration files and dependencies.
apt-get --purge autoremove $package_name
Show installed packages
apt list --installed
Show available updates
apt list --upgradable
Show package information
apt show $package_name
Disable updates for a package
apt-mark hold $package_name
The following command resets the hold status.
apt-mark unhold $paketname
Tips and Tricks
Package architecture for local installations
Keep in mind, for each Enigma2 Dreambox type and used Openembedded Version (OE 2.2 / OE 2.5), the corresponding packages for a manual installation are required. If not, the installation will be aborted with an error message -
....incompatible with the architectures configured. When downloading packages from the board, read the thread and pay attention to the file extention as listet below.
Packages for all architectures
- *.mipsel.deb for all Box types
- *.mipsel.deb for all Box types, except DM 900
- *.armhf.deb for DM 900
Unpack IPK packages
Wiki - Thread
This article belongs to this thread in the IhaD Board. Use this thread to report errors or to request improvements and additional items. Of course you can also edit the article, if you are registered in the wiki.